How Wailani's Natural Purifier Works

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Introduction and short history.
Pool and spa owners are looking for alternatives to chemical disinfection. They are tired of the constant expense, additional work, unnecessary problems and dangerous side effects of chemically sanitized water.

Thirty years ago when automatic pool cleaners and spas first came out, they were viewed skeptically. Today spas and automatic cleaners are common. Automation is a fast growing trend in the pool industry. Why work at vacuuming your pool for hours, when you can let a robot do it! After all you bought a pool or spa for ENJOYMENT!

The same goes for sanitizing a pool or spa. Why manually work at dosing and handling dangerous chemicals daily when it can be done automatically with safe and effective metallic ions!

With our electronic ionizer the water is purified automatically. But, as with any new technology, it has taken some time for it to catch on! Copper and silver have been used for centuries to sanitize water. Copper is a well known algaecide and silver is a very powerful bactericide and viruscide. In the ancient Greek civilization royalty drank from silver goblets and their water was stored in silver flagons (urns) in order to purify their drinking water. As the pioneer settlers moved west across the American continent, they insured safe drinking water by putting silver coins in their casks of water and milk.

From centuries ago to the present, this knowledge has been used. NASA developed an electrolytic silver ion cell to purify the astronauts drinking water for the Apollo missions. Also today silver is used in leading products for treatment of burn patients to prevent infections, for newborns to prevent blindness, to make bacteria free cosmetics, in drinking water filters, and for filling cavities in teeth to help prevent further decay. Copper based algaecides have long been used in swimming pools, fountains, lakes and ponds to safely control algae problems.

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Description of ionization
If you remember from high school chemistry, an atom usually has an equal number of electrons and protons. The process of gaining or losing electrons is called ionization. This can be as simple as dissolving table salt (sodium chloride) in a glass of water creating sodium ions and chloride ions. We create metallic ions electronically.

How does it work?
A safe low voltage DC current like that of several flashlight batteries is passed through a set of copper and silver electrodes. As the water passes through the sealed chamber, metallic ions are generated to purify the water. The microscopic action of the ions with the algae and bacteria are twofold. First, the algae, bacteria and viruses are destroyed through a change in their enzyme or DNA replication processes. Secondly all these charged particles flock together and they are more effectively pulled out by the filter. The ions stay in solution until they are used up by this process. Since the water is being sanitized automatically, it is only necessary to test the ion level every couple of weeks. This sure beats the daily chore of testing and dosing dangerous chemicals.

Of course maintaining regular water balance is required no matter what sanitizer you use. A benefit of ionization is that it is pH neutral (balanced) and therefore doesn't have a negative effect on water balance.

An ionizer keeps the water safe and sanitary by killing the algae and bacteria. Occasionally though you will need to oxidize the dissolved organics like nitrogen and ammonia compounds. When the water becomes dull, it's time to oxidize. This is far superior to a chlorinated pool or spa which you must shock with 10 or more times the combined chlorine reading in order to achieve breakpoint chlorination. This is necessary to break apart the nasty and smelly chloramines or the pool and spa will not be safe and sanitary.

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Is it safe?
The EPA standard for our drinking water is 1.3ppm of copper and .050 ppm of silver. Less than one-third of this amount is all that's needed to purify your pool. Copper is a needed nutrient in our diets. In fact in order to meet the recommended minimum daily requirements, you would have to drink a gallon of your ionized pool water per day. But there are better ways to get your proper nutrition!

In 1992 the National Sanitation Foundation set the guidelines for safe operation of a swimming pool using ionization as the primary disinfectant in the Specification 50. This is the standard for all forms of pool sanitation. This national independent testing organization sets sanitation standards for many industries such as hospitals and food and drink industries.

Problems with chlorine.
90% of unstabilized chlorine is used up on a hot sunny day and this is why cyanuric acid or conditioner is used to slow down the chlorine dissipation. There is a lot of controversy over the effects of cyanuric acid. The health authorities will shut down and drain a commercial pool if the cyanuric acid level exceeds 100 ppm. For a chlorinated pool the recommended level of cyanuric acid is 30 - 50 PPM

But why use questionable chemicals when the mineral ions continue to sanitize the water and are not affected by heat, sunlight and wasted like chlorine is. This long term residual effect is one of ionization's strongest attributes. It lasts and lasts. Also studies have proved that copper and silver ionization systems with a very low level of chlorine (.2-.4ppm) actually kills faster than just chlorine alone.

An appeal of ionizers is that government agencies are continuing to increase the restrictions and controls on the manufacture, sale and use of chemicals employed in pool and spa sanitation. If a time comes, for example, when it is no longer possible to buy and use certain sanitizers, ionizer systems may fill the void. This, in fact, almost happened in 1988 when Article 80, a new fire code, restricted the use, storage, and handling of chlorine, a Class III Oxidizer and Pesticide was proposed. The fire hazards of chlorine compounds are real and unfortunately well documented. Not surprisingly, a major lobbying effort by chemical companies got the bill amended as it would have severely threatened retail sales of chlorine.

ENJOY THE BENEFITS OF IONIZATION